Baiziwan Social Housing Beijing by MAD

Baiziwan Social Housing Beijing Building by MAD Architects, New Photos of Chinese Architecture Design

June 20 2022

MAD unveils its first social housing project

Design: MAD Architects

Location: Beijing, northern China

Baiziwan Social Housing Beijing by MAD
Photo: ArchExist

Baiziwan Social Housing in Beijing from MAD, China

Baiziwan Social Housing Project (hereafter Baiziwan) is the first affordable housing project by MAD Architects, led by Ma Yansong. Located near the Central Business District (CBD) of Beijing, the project covers an area of ​​93.900 square meters, with a total construction area of ​​473,300 square meters. The project consists of 12 residential buildings that collectively provide 4000 families. Since its completion, nearly 3,000 families have moved in. The project provides housing for social welfare dependents and young professionals.

Baiziwan Social Housing Beijing by MAD
Photo: ArchExist

The project is the culmination of Ma Yansung’s extensive research in social housing, which began in 2014. Under the thematic topic “The Sociology of Social Housing”, MAD’s research focuses on the historical development and design of social housing in various countries. The research was further developed by Ma Yansong’s affiliations with this topic while teaching at Tsinghua University and Beijing University of Architecture.

Later, the Beijing Public Housing Center invited Ma Yansong to design Baiziwan Social Housing in 2014. MAD saw the commission as an opportunity to improve the living conditions of low-income communities and provide a fresh perspective on the current lackluster housing design picture in China.

Baiziwan Social Housing Beijing Building by MAD
Photo: Zhu Yumeng

open neighborhood

The MAD strategy strives to integrate the community into the urban fabric and to connect the neighborhood to the city. MAD divided the plot of land into six blocks, anchored by a main road that cuts through the center of the site. The large site is fragmented into a much smaller human scale.

At street level, the scheme’s central street is home to an array of commercial and leisure spaces, such as shops, cafes, restaurants, kindergartens, pharmacies, libraries, and aged care facilities. The arterial route through the center of the scheme reinforces the links between the neighborhood and the city. With the site’s human scale planning and the diversity of spaces, the design creates a vibrant and open urban life across the new neighborhood.

Baiziwan Social Housing Beijing Building by MAD
Photo: Zhu Yumeng

floating garden

While the ground level opens the site to a wider urban audience, the second level, which is access only to residents, provides a communal outdoor landscape for the residents. A pedestrian circle revolves around all six blocks, forming a large above-ground park with a variety of public functions including a gymnasium, community gardens, badminton court, children’s playground, environmental haven and community support services.

In addition to the main residents garden on the second floor, the MAD scheme includes overlapping half-storeys and semi-open greyscale spaces of varying scales throughout the design. Despite the stringent green coverage ratio of residential design specifications and the high density required for downtown living, the scheme strives to provide green coverage at ground level, second level park and rooftop, ensuring that residents enjoy an all-encompassing setting with strong connections to nature and the outdoors and achieving green coverage at a rate of 47%. The standard green coverage rate for residential and commercial complexes is 30%.

general terrain

These Y-shaped footprints combine with gradual rolling shapes and overlapping elevations to create an all-encompassing “mountainous” terrain across the site. The facade between the buildings forms semi-enclosed spaces, enhancing a sense of intimacy and community across the site on a human scale. From afar, the simple white facade of the undulating mountainous shape creates a rich addition to the city skyline.

The project’s 4,000 residential units consist of six generic models and three ultra-low energy consumption patterns, spread over areas of 40 sq m, 50 sq m and 60 sq m. Light painted clapboard is used as partitions between rooms, allowing ease of maintenance and flexibility in decoration by the residents.

Baiziwan Social Housing Beijing Building by MAD
Photo: Zhu Yumeng

daylight right

With a plot ratio of 3.5 and a height limit of 80 meters, the high density has caused many limitations to the overall planning of calculating daylight per unit. During the design process, MAD endeavored to ensure that every rented room throughout the project received adequate sunlight. The resulting scheme therefore adopts the Y branch building model, with communal corridors located along the north facade of each building to enhance the sunlight exposure of the housing units.

Designed by Baiziwan Social Housing in Beijing Designed by Baiziwan Social Housing in Beijing
Images: CreateAR Images

Prefabrication and sustainability

Given a more environmentally friendly building process, clients request that more than 80% of the building’s components are prefabricated off-site. This prefab method allows for higher quality housing production in an orderly and disciplined manner.

The scheme contains two low energy consumption buildings, also known as “passive housing,” with low heating and cooling loads, allowing the buildings to reduce energy consumption by 90%.

Baiziwan Social Housing Beijing Building by MAD
Photo: Zhu Yumeng

Towards a new residential

Over the past decades, residential design and the market in China has shifted dramatically. The rapid development of real estate has led to the homogenization of residential design. The development of luxury-oriented housing was not considered as a priority during the period of housing privatization. Entering the new era in which China boosts its investment in social housing, for the current low-income urban residents and the influx of immigrants, MAD aspires to offer a design solution for a more humane, equal and vibrant living environment.

The human being is the target of the homeland. The idea includes dignity and social justice. Baiziwan’s social housing design concept integrates affordable housing communities with an exemplary global model of dignified living. It is achieved through a simple aesthetic. Baizuan social housing is an important step forward in the ideal life in China.

Beijing Building by MAD Architects

Social Housing in Baixiuan, Beijing, China – Building Information

Responsible Principal Partners: Ma Yansong, Dang Qun, Yosuke Hayano
Associate partners: Liu Huiying, Fu Changrui
Design Team: He Xiaokang, Zheng Chengwen, Shang Li, Xu Chen, Li Guangchong, Wang Deyuan, Zheng Fang, Tong Shangren, Mujung Kang, Zhang Tingfu, Zhang Long, Zhang Kai, Kazushi Miyamoto, Yukan Yanagawa, Yu Zhipeng, Tomasz Czarnecki , David Signorato, Natalia Giacomeno, Sir Ni, Yuan Yuen, Stephen Shaffer Park, Doki Chong, Hiroki Fujino, Jiang Xuzhou, Chen Loman, Dina Kaki, Yang Xuebing

Designed by Baiziwan Social Housing in Beijing Designed by Baiziwan Social Housing in Beijing
Images: CreateAR Images

Client: Beijing Public Housing Construction and Investment Center
Building Drawings Design: Beijing Institute of Architectural Design
Landscape design: Erthasia Design Group (Shanghai)
Lighting design: Beijing Ning Field Lighting Design Corp. Ltd
Sign design: NDC China, Inc
Structure Consultant: CCDI International Design Consultants Co., Ltd.
Phase one construction: Beijing Uni.-Construction Group Co., Ltd
The second phase of construction: Beijing Construction Engineering Group Co., Ltd
Supervising organization: Beijing Innovation Construction Engineering Management Co., Ltd
Precast production: Beijing Yantong Construction Components Co., Ltd

MAD Architects

Baiziwan Social Housing Beijing by MAD Photo/Information received 200622 from MAD Architects

Venue: Beijing, People’s Republic of China

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